#FarEasternBranch #VNIIO #vegetablefarming #potatovariety #seedproduction #croprotation #zonalsystem #protectedground #biologicalfarming #resource-saving #yields
The Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Growing (VNIIO) has been conducting extensive research on the development of a more efficient set of machinery and the improvement of the vegetable cultivation process. Their aim is to increase yields and reduce labor costs in the Far Eastern Economic Region, an important national economic task. As a result of their breeding work, the Artemovets potato variety was developed, which is resistant to phytophthora and potato nematode, and was included in the State Register from 2020.
The branch has also developed a technology for producing cabbage seeds based on growing seedlings in unheated film greenhouses to obtain a stable crop. The crop rotation technology for carrots involves obtaining mother plants in the coastal zone with subsequent transplantation in the forest-steppe zone, which is more favorable for their growth and development. The branch has also developed seed production techniques for varieties of eggplant Quartet, asparagus beans Lada and Taiga, and the carrot hybrid Voskhod F1.
To implement their breeding achievements in production, the station has established seed production with sales of up to 2-2.5 tons of carrot, table beet, onion, white cabbage, fruit, pumpkin, legume, and flower seeds in the best years; up to 80-100 tons of onion sets, and 700-800 tons of elite potato varieties. In subsequent years, the branch has improved the zonal system of vegetable growing based on adaptive-landscape approaches and biological farming, including the introduction of cover crops and perennial grasses up to 50% in the structure of vegetable crop rotations, the use of resource-saving soil cultivation and fertilizer application systems. They have also developed effective methods of using biological and chemical means to protect root and leafy crops from diseases and pests. As a result of these developments, the branch has proposed an effective vegetable farming system that has increased vegetable yields by 1.5-2 times.
The branch has also paid attention to protected ground vegetable farming, transforming the Far Eastern Experimental Farm and other farms in the region into profitable organizations for vegetable production in the off-season in the Far East.
In conclusion, the Far Eastern Branch of VNIIO has made significant strides in the field of vegetable farming. Their research and development have led to the creation of new potato varieties and the improvement of seed production techniques for other vegetables. They have also developed effective ways of protecting crops from diseases and pests while reducing labor costs. Their zonal system of vegetable growing has led to increased yields, making vegetable farming more profitable for farmers in the Far East.