The Russian Far East is facing challenges in meeting the nutritional needs of its growing population, particularly in terms of fresh vegetable products. Despite efforts to increase vegetable production in the region, self-sufficiency remains low, with Primorsky Krai being one of the most affected areas. This article highlights the role of the Primorsky Vegetable Experimental Station in addressing the challenges of vegetable production in the region and ensuring self-sufficiency.
According to data from the Far Eastern Federal District, the region needs an additional 391.1 thousand tons of vegetables to fully meet the demand for fresh produce. To address this shortage, it is crucial to increase vegetable production in the region. However, vegetable production in the Primorsky Krai has been fluctuating over the years, ranging from 53.1% to 86.8% in terms of self-sufficiency. One of the reasons hindering the development of vegetable production in the region is the lack of scientific support.
To address this issue, the Primorsky Vegetable Experimental Station was established in 1980 in the village of Knevichi, Primorsky Krai. Since its inception, the station has been conducting research on various aspects of vegetable production, including technological modernization, breeding and seed production, and plant protection. Through its research, the station has contributed to the development of the vegetable industry in the region and improved the quality and yield of vegetable crops.
The work of the Primorsky Vegetable Experimental Station is essential in ensuring self-sufficiency in the region’s vegetable production. The station’s efforts have led to the introduction of new vegetable varieties, improved cultivation techniques, and better pest and disease management practices. The station has also been actively engaged in disseminating its research findings to farmers and promoting the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices.
Ensuring self-sufficiency in vegetable production is crucial to meeting the nutritional needs of the population in the Russian Far East. The Primorsky Vegetable Experimental Station plays a critical role in supporting vegetable production in the Primorsky Krai and addressing the challenges facing the vegetable industry in the region. By continuing its research and outreach efforts, the station can help promote sustainable vegetable production practices and contribute to ensuring food security in the region.